Aug 16, 2011
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The Indonesian People

Indonesia has a population of 237.6 million according to the 2010 national consensus with a high population growth of 1.9%. There are 300 native ethnicities in Indonesia and 742 different languages and dialects. Only six religions are officially recognized by the Indonesia government; Islam, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Protestantism.

Despite not being a Muslim state, Islam is the largest and most practiced religion in the nation.
Indonesia’s cultural identity is hugely influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese and European cultures. Indian or Hindu culture traditionally has had the most influence on Indonesian architecture and arts and it is visible in the traditional Javanese and Balinese dances such as the wayang kulit or shadow puppet performance. However, Chinese, Arabian and European influences have also been significant.

Indonesians speak Indonesian which is considered a form of Malay, also known as a prestige dialect of Malay. It is taught in schools and is the native language of every Indonesian regardless of ethnicity.

 

The Environment

Indonesia has a tropical climate with a mixture of Asian and Australasian fauna and flora species. The climate in Indonesia varies little from day to day. There is occasional rainfall and predictable dry season of June to October and a rainy season during November to March. The nation’s relative humidity ranges between 70 to 90%.

Foreigners who have yet to be acclimated to the heat and humidity during most months should avoid thick clothes and instead dress simply.

 

Getting Around

All transport modes play a role in Indonesia’s transport system. Road transport is the predominant form with systems like buses, taxis and personal vehicles meant for domestic and professional travel while the railway system has four unconnected networks in Java and Sumatra meant for the transportation of bulk commodities as well as long-distance passenger travel.
Sea transport is utilized for domestic and foreign trade as well as economic integration.

Air transport is integral as it allows the populace to travel from one major city to another in Indonesia quickly. It also opens the doors for domestic and economic travel between tourists and professionals.

©RUMAH.COM Agustus 2011

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